Geography and Climate - Cluster Ecoturístico de Jarabacoa


Jarabacoa is located in La Vega Province in the heart of the Cordillera Central Mountain Range in the Center of the Dominican Republic at 19° 7’ 60 N, 70° 40’ 0 W The elevation is 1736 ft. (529 m), but within a few miles of downtown the mountains rise to over 5,000 ft, and Pico Duarte, the highest elevation in the Caribbean basis at 10,416 ft. (3175m), is just 30 miles (50km) southwest of town.


The city straddles the Jimenoa and Yaque del Norte Rivers that converge at La Confluencia just 2.5 miles from downtown Jarabacoa. Most streams in the region flow into one of these rivers, and eventually flow into the Atlantic Ocean.

The vegetation is a mix of pine forests and humid tropical non-evergreens. The area is an explosion of many varieties of flowers and fauna.

The area surrounding Jarabacoa contain 32 square miles (80km²) of ecologically important protected areas that provide water for the 1.4 million residents of the Cibao Valley and Santiago and are referred to as “The Mother of Waters.” For this critical life-sustaining element the area has been designated an official “Region of Conservation and Sustainable Development” and is fervently protected by the local residents and national government.

Three National Parks are of particular interest:

Parque Nacional Armando Bermúdez: The elevation of this park changes rapidly, and along with Parque José del Carmen Ramírez are the highest elevations in the Antilles. Armando Bermúdez holds Pico Duarte that at over 10,000’ is the highest point in the Caribbean basin. Other peaks are La Pelona (10,160’/3,097m), El Yaque (9,055’/2,760m) and La Rusilla (9,967’/3,038m).

This magnificent park is the home to many species of trees, plants, birds, animals and snakes. The Creole Pine is predominant.

In January and February the night temperature can drop to as low as 17˚F (-8˚C) and the ground covered with morning frost is common.

José del Carmen Ramírez: This rugged park adjoins Armando Bermudez to the west and is the natural preserve that gives birth to the abundant streams and springs that supplies life to the San Juan Valley and supplies neighboring communities with clean hydroelectric energy.

Because of the generally high altitudes, the temperatures of this area can fluctuate between 53˚F-65˚F (12˚C-18˚C) and in Valle del Tetero are routinely 23˚F-25˚F (-4˚/-5˚C). Camping is a favorite activity here, and many birdwatchers catalog a wide variety of avian species indigenous to the Dominican Republic.

The forests are both pine and broadleaf trees, with the Creole Pine being predominant.

La Reserva Científica de Ébano Verde: This reserve is located in Loma de la Sal near Constanza in the Province of La Vega. This area is classified as low mountain wet forest, and the rare tree species ébano verde is managed and preserved. This preserve maintains the original natural terrain that allows the rigid conservation of the flora and fauna indigenous to the area.


The climate of Jarabacoa is considered tropical humid with an average temperature of 72˚F (22˚C). The average winter temperature is 76˚F (24.5˚C) and the average summer temperature is 85˚F (29.5˚C). By contrast, this is approx. 8˚F (4.4˚C) cooler that in the Cibao Valley and much cooler compared to most areas of the country.


Travelers exploring the surrounding mountains will find temperatures even cooler, especially after sunset, giving credence to Jarabacoa as the “City of Eternal Spring.”

Rainfall averages 59” (1500mm) per year. This rain is what creates the abundant water resources for which Jarabacoa is renowned and gives life to the many superb springs and pools found in the region.

Many Dominicans consider the climate of Jarabacoa to be the most hospitable on the entire island.

  • Dominican Republic
  • CDCT
  • BID
  • Consejo Nacional de Competitividad